Leibniz-Forschungsverbund
Krisen einer globalisierten Welt

© Garry Knight (flickr)

Programmme

Wednesday, 12.12.2018

11:30h            Registration and light lunch


12:30h            Welcome and Introduction

Nicole Deitelhoff, Speaker, Leibniz-Research Alliance “Crises in a Globalised World”


13:00h            Panel I “Placeless dynamics? Visualizing the spatiality of crises”

Chair: Rüdiger Graf, Center for Contemporary History, Potsdam
Session organised by the Working Group “Concepts of Crises”

The spatiality of crises from a dynamic process perspective
Verena Brinks, Leibniz Institute for Research on Society and Space

Textbooks as a realm of crisis discourse: the spatial representation of conflicts about water
Tobias Ide, Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research

Crisis, Capital and the City
Manuel Aalbers, KU Leuven

Crises are difficult if not impossible to ignore. Diagnosing a crisis is often an effective strategy to draw the attention of political actors and the media to a certain set of problems. Once a crisis is announced, social actors can hardly avoid becoming part of it, be it as victims or responsible decision makers, expert consultants, media representatives or simply as public audience. Yet, at the same time, crises may also remain strangely elusive. Different and even mutually exclusive ways of framing a crisis usually co-exist and public opinion may easily shift between alternative ways of seeing a crisis and even to forgetting the allegedly urgent crisis. Crises may emerge surprisingly without any predictable connection to empirically measurable problems. Often crises spill over into other sectors or societal subsystems in unforeseen ways. In this panel, we want to scrutinize this strange elusiveness of crises by focusing on the complex and dynamic spatiality of crises, which so far has received only limited scholarly attention. In general, the temporal structures and peculiarities of crises haven been thoroughly analysed, describing crises as narrative devices that dramatize the present as a “moment of decision” between two existentially different futures and, thereby, creating an urgency to act. Yet, rather little is known about the spatiality of crises, the ways in which they spread and affect different places, their territorial extension or the dynamics of their expansion. Such a spatial perspective, we assume, will be useful to analyse the scope and extend of any crisis and, especially, of crises in a globalizing world. In particular, we will ask how the spatiality of crises is and may be visualized, e.g. by identifying “hot-spots” or “emblematic places” that are supposed to unveil the true nature of a crisis.


14:45h            Coffee and refreshments


15:15h            Panel II “Dropout from Multilateralism – Economic Consequences and Conclusions”

Chair: Friedrich Heinemann, Center for Economic Research, Mannheim/ University of Heidelberg
Session organized by the Working Group “Economic Crises”

Dropout from Multilateralism – The Case of European Monetary Union
Friedrich Heinemann, Center for Economic Research, Mannheim/ University of Heidelberg

Populists in Power: Economic and Political Consequences
Manuel Funke, Institute for the World Economy, Kiel

Dropout from Multilateralism – the Case of Climate Negotiations
Sonja Zitzelsberger, University of Kassel

Over decades there seemed to be a continuous and stable development towards a rule-based multilateral economic governance. Increasingly refined trade rules (World Trade Organization) for the global level, ever closer cooperation on tax issues of industrial countries (OECD) and detailed fiscal and economic policy coordination (European Union) seemed to have made global economic relations predictable. This understanding has been shattered over the last two years with the Trump presidency, the Brexit decision, but also the broader rise of populist parties and programs in which a return to a narrow national perspective is a key ingredient. This panel wants to explore causes and consequences of this development.


17:30h            Reception and Exhibition “Making Crises Visible”

Nicole Deitelhoff, Project “Making Crises Visible”

Klaus Hesse, Project "Making Crises Visible"


18:15h            Welcome & Keynote

Matthias Kleiner, President Leibniz Association

Sichtbare und unsichtbare Krisen im Film: Über Routinen der Bewältigung und Grenzen des Mediums
Peter Herrmann, Movie Producer


Thursday, 13.12.2018

9:00h              Panel III “Permanent crises of political institutions between visibility and invisibility”

Chair: Antonia Witt, Peace Research Institute Frankfurt
Session organized by the Working Group “Socio-Political Crises”

Crisis and Progress: The International Criminal Court and the RtoP under attack
Nicole Deitelhoff, Peace Research Institute Frankfurt

How to create visible crises: Iran and the West between Shah and Khomeini
Frank Bösch, Center for Contemporary History, Potsdam

Crises of global and international order?
Andrew Hurrell, University of Oxford

The life of many political institutions, domestic and international, is characterized by a sequence of relatively stable and tranquil periods and periods of crisis. More often than not, however, the seeds of a crisis can already be discerned during stable phases and can even be traced back to efforts at resolving earlier crises. While the solutions to earlier crises appeared to have worked and stabilized the institution, they actually served to invisibilize continuing processes of institutional corrosion or created new sources of institutional instability. From this vantage point, these political institutions are in a permanent state of crisis. It is the visibility of the crisis that varies: What is perceived as individual moments of crisis can be understood as only the visible episodes of one larger crisis phenomenon. Contributions to this panel will critically discuss this argument with respect to various historical and contemporary cases.


10:45h            Coffee


11:15h            Panel IV “Environmental crisis in the eye of different beholders: From seeing and understanding”

Chair: Andreas Macke, Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Reearch
Session organized by the Working Group “Environmental Crises”

Environmental crises – Towards a multidisciplinary conceptualisation
Jochen Schanze, Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development, Dresden

A transdisciplinary approach to mitigate emissions of black carbon in Metro Manila, Philippines
Simonas Kecorius, Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig

Water pollution from agriculture as an emerging crisis: The mobilization potential of NGOs
Jale Tosun, University of Heidelberg

Environmental crises are usually not immediately visible and their effects on humans and nature are in part neither directly recognisable nor causally assignable. Change in the quality of environmental media such as air and water; for example, can only be understood scientifically through physical and chemical analysis methods. The reduction of species diversity can only be demonstrated by systematic surveys and statistical evaluations. And climate change, with its large-scale impacts, requires long-term observation data and complex model simulations. These environmental changes are mostly the result of the actions of various social actors. Crises arise when these actions are no longer related to the pressures or dangers for the environment and social control fails. Since the absence of these connections also eludes direct observation, social awareness and effective interventions are made more difficult. Against this background, the panel examines the seeing and understanding of environmental crises from both a scientifically empirical perspective and the perspective of social awareness and control with its discursive construction. The following three questions are central: Which environmental changes are typical effects of crises and how can they be identified? Which behaviors and control deficits are the causes of these crises? How can these crises and their effects be communicated in public discourse even in competition with fake science?


13:00h            Lunch and Coffee


14:00h            Panel V “Food insecurity, food price developments, and social protest”

Chair: Stefan Kroll, Peace Research Institute Frankfurt
Session organized by the Working Group “Humanitarian Crises”

Socioeconomic protests and incorporation crises in post-revolutionary Egypt and Tunisia: A comparative analysis inspired by Latin American experiences
Irene Weipert-Fenner, Peace Research Institute Frankfurt

Post-Arab Spring macroeconomic reforms and price developments in the wheat-to-bread supply chain in Egypt
Osama Ahmed, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies, Halle (Saale)

Food security and conflict: Using empirical research to affect food policy in crises
Charles Martin-Shields, German Development Institute, Bonn

Food insecurity was one of the claims mobilizing social protests during the uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia in 2011. The protests in Egypt were, as is well known, accompanied by the demand for “bread, freedom, and social justice”. However, food insecurity still is an unresolved issue in Egypt and the MENA region by and large. Research on the uprisings and its aftermaths illustrate a rather complex mixture of motivations and policy demands, and food insecurity turned out not to be a particular reason for ongoing socioeconomic protest and decision making after the Arab spring. On the contrary, within Egypt‘s comprehensive macro-economic and structural reforms, aiming to spur sustainable economic growth, just recently has led to an extensive cut of subsidies on wheat grower prices and bread end consumer prices which will have an effect on both wheat farmers and consumers. Thus, how does it come, that the highly visible crisis of food insecurity and hunger does not translate into ongoing specific protest and immediate political action with the goal to solve this problem? What are the conditions and barriers to make this crisis visible? This panel on the visibility and invisibility of the humanitarian crisis of food insecurity will deal with these questions from three disciplinary perspectives: Using scholarship on social movements and political participation, one of the papers will discuss the general aspects of socio-economic protests in selected countries of the MENA region between 2011 and 2016 (Weipert-Fenner). Zooming in on the issue of food insecurity and agricultural and food price developments, the second intervention will be evaluating policy changes by the Egyptian government from the perspective of agricultural economics by using the example of price developments along the wheat-to-bread supply chain (Ahmed and Götz). The third paper will provide an empirical perspective on the issue of food security and conflict (Martin-Shields).


16:00h            End of the conference